Red twig dogwood, also known as Cornus sericea or Cornus stolonifera, is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family. It is native to North America and can be found growing in wet areas, such as along streams and ponds.
Red twig dogwood is a deciduous shrub that can grow to a height of 5-8 feet. It has thin, green stems that turn bright red in the winter, providing a striking contrast against the snow. The leaves are opposite each other on the stem and are ovate in shape, with serrated edges. In the fall, the leaves turn a beautiful shade of yellow, orange, or red before they fall off.
The flowers of the red twig dogwood are small and inconspicuous, but they are important for pollinators. They are followed by small, white berries that are loved by birds. The plant also has attractive bark, which is smooth and gray on young stems, but becomes rough and reddish-brown on older stems.
Red twig dogwood is popular in gardens, where it is often grown for its colorful stems and its ability to attract birds. It is also used in wetland restoration projects, as it is able to tolerate wet soils and can help to stabilize the banks of streams and ponds.
In addition to its ornamental value, red twig dogwood has a long history of use in traditional medicine. The bark of the plant was used by Native American tribes to treat a variety of ailments, including fevers, colds, and stomachaches. However, it should be noted that red twig dogwood is toxic and should not be ingested.
In conclusion, red twig dogwood is a beautiful and versatile plant that adds color and interest to the garden in the winter. Its ability to thrive in wet conditions and its value to pollinators and birds make it a valuable addition to any landscape.